Sarvadnya Shri Chakradhar Swami, born in Gujarat, Karmabhumi in Maharashtra, the divine light of Sri Chakradhar Swami sustained Sanatan Dharma at a difficult time in Indian history by spiritual galvanization & healing of the Indic society at large. Temples in his honour existed even in Afghanistan at one time.
There are three paths which lead directly to establishing a relationship with God. According to the authority of Shree Mad Bhagavad Gita these paths have been designated as
Sarvadnya Shri Chakradhar Swami told his disciples that the lord takes avatars in all four yugas.
Same was said by Shree Krishna Prabhu in Shree Mad Bhagavad Gita: “Dharma Sansthaapnaarthay Sambhavaami Yuge Yuge”
Accordingly, there is not a time in this world when an avatar is absent. But he told of only five of the innumerable avatars, namely: Shri Krishna, Shri Dattatreya Prabhu, Shri Chakrapani Prabhu, Shri Govindaprabhu, and Sarvadnya Shri Chakrdhar Swami (himself). Even knowing of one avatar, and walking on the path lightened by him, can lead to the ultimate bliss (moksha). There were only five, because these avatars fell in the Guru Parampara. Govindaprabhu was the guru of Shri Chakradhar Swami. Shri Chakrapani Prabhu was the guru of Shri Govindaprabhu. Shri Dattatreya Prabhu was the guru of Shri Chakrapani Prabhu. Shri Dattatreya Prabhu and Shri Krishna are not said to have another avatar as Guru.”
About Shree Chakradhar Swami
Haripaldeva was born at Bharavas (Bharuch,present day Gujarat) as the son of a king named Vishaldeva & his queen Mhalani devi. Haripaldeva died due to fever at the age of twenty at which point, a widely believed reincarnation of lord krishna named Shri Chakrapani Prabhu from Phaltan entered the dead body of Haripaldeva after which he revived. The thus reborn Haripaldeva was a greatly changed personality who would become known as Shree Chakradhar Swami.
Contribution of the Mahanubhav Panth to Marathi Literature
Sri Chakradhar Swami’s biography “Leela Charitra” written by his disciple Mahimbhatta is one of the
first known works in Marathi literature; Also, Mahdaaisa, one of pant’s earlier devotees is considered to be the first Marathi poetess.
One of the most important aspects of the philosophy propounded by him is asceticism. His fourfold teachings are: Non Violence, Celibacy, Asceticism and Bhakti.
Main article: Leela Charitra
Leelacharitra is thought to be the first biography written in the Marathi language. Mahimbhat’s second important literacy creation was Shri Govindaprabhucharitra or Rudhipurcharitra, a biography of Swami’s guru, Shri Govind Prabhu, in the form of 325 deeds. This was probably written in 1288, soon after the death of Shri Prabhu.
It was Nagadeva who systematized Mahanubhava. Mahadamba was a leading poetess of the movement.
Besides Leelacharitra, Keshobas alias Keshavrajsuri has collected the Swami aphoristic vachans or actually spoken words, known as Sutrapath which is always on the lips of the follower of Mahanubhav.
Keshavrajsuri translated the some of “deeds” from Leelacharitra into Sanskrit in his work called “Ratnamala”. Similarly he has written in Sanskrit Dristantstotarm based on Dristantpath. The first Acharya of Mahanubhava Sect is Nagdevachrya or Bhatobas. His biography was written by Narendra and Bhaidevbas in about 1308.
There are seven works which have been written are known as satigranth and they are accepted by the follower of the sect. These are:
Narendra : Rukaminiswayamvara (1292) Bhaskarbhat Borikar : Shishupalvadha (1312) Bhaskarbhat Borikar : Uddhavgita (1313) Damodar Pandit : Vachhaharana (1316) Ravalobas : Sahayadrivaranana (1353) Narayanbas Bahahaliye : Riddhipurvarnana (1418) Vishvanath Balapurkar : Janaprabodh (1418).
Source of information